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首页 Diagram, Flow Chart, Map 雅思写作流程图讲义.ppt

Diagram, Flow Chart, Map 雅思写作流程图讲义.ppt.ppt

Diagram, Flow Chart, Map 雅思写作流程…

彩霞飞舞
2019-08-22 0人阅读 举报 0 0 暂无简介

简介:本文档为《Diagram, Flow Chart, Map 雅思写作流程图讲义.pptppt》,可适用于外语资料领域

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DiagramFlowChartMapFionaFlowChartFlowchartPayattentiontothefirstsentenceofthefirstparagraphFollowacertainsequencingorderinthebodyparagraphTheconclusionpartcanbeomitedLocatetheverbsPassivevoiceisfrequentlyusedPresenttenseisthedorminanttenseFlowchartWritingThediagrambelowshowstheprocessofglassrecyclingFlowchartWritingProcedure:a,followthearrowb,copyallthenounsinthechartc,verbprep的最佳搭配:(制作:manufacture,process,mould运送:transport,deliver,send分类:sort,classify,categorizehellipinto)d,sequence顺序清晰:first,next,finallyhellipe,stsentence=lastsentence(表循环)EgThewaterfallsasrainIthellipfromcloudsThecloudswoolandtheydropwaterasrainFlowchartWritingOpeningSentenceStrutureTheflowchartillustrateshellipThewholeprocedurecanbedividedintohellipstagesStructureIntroductionStageStagehellipConclusion(ifneeded)FlowchartWritingusedglassglasswasteglassbottleglasscanreclaimgathercollecttransportconveydeliverShowersortgroupcategorizechannelintobreakintopiecespourintothefurnaceMeltmixFlowchartWritingTheflowchartillustrateshowusedglassisrecycledandthewholecycledprocesscanbedividedintothreemajorstagesFlowchartWritingThefirststageinvolvesreclaimingbottles,cansandotherglasswasteinthecollectionpointwhicharereadytobetransportedtothecleaningplantFlowchartWritingThenthesecondstagestartswhentherecycledglassisshoweredbyhighpressuredwaterAfterthat,theglassobjectsarecategorizedbycolorintobrown,greenandclearones,beforetheyareconveyedintorecyclingplantFlowchartWritingTheglass,then,ispouredintoafurnacewhereitmeltsintoliquidLater,therecycledliquidglass,togetherwithnewliquidglassfromothersources,ischanneledintovariousmouldsAftercooling,theglassproductsofdifferentshapesaredoneFlowchartWritingFinally,instagethree,thegoodswithglasscontainersappearinthecustomersupermarketsandthisistheendofthecycleandthebeginningofthenextDiagramDiagramWritingThediagrambelowshowsthemethodofobtainingwateroutdoorsYoushouldspendaboutminutesonthistaskYoushouldwriteatleastwordsDiagramWritingLinkingDevicendashTimeTobeginwith,Next,Then,Later,FinallyAtthesametimeSequencethefirststageinvolvesinthenextstageinthefollowingstageinthelaststagePurposeinorderthatsothatinordertoinordernotto,soastosoasnottoDiagramWritingStructureIntroPreparationProcedureCon(ifneeded)DiagramWritingThediagrambelowshowsthemethodofobtainingwateroutdoorsDiagramWritingVocabulary:Method:waymeansobtain:gathercollectaccumulateVaryingVocabularyholeremoveplacecoveredgeshineevaporatevapor水蒸气condensen浓缩waterdropfalldowngravityDiagramWritingThepictureillustratesthewaysmeansofcollectingwateroutdoorsThepictureillustrateshowthewateriscollectedoutdoorsThediagrambelowshowsthemethodofobtainingwateroutdoorsDiagramWritingAccordingtothediagram,thefirststageinvolvesfindingaholewithgreenplantsgrowingonthebottomandlightdirectlyfromthesunInthenextstage,removetheplantsinthemiddleandputacontainerthereInthefollowingstage,covertheholewithaplasticsheetandputsomestonesontheedgetosecureitspositionInthelaststage,anotherstoneisplacedinthemiddleofthesheettomakethemiddlepartalsothelowestpartDiagramWritingWhenthesunshinesonthegreenplants,waterevaporatesintotheairandthevaporrisesandcondensesontheplasticsheetWithwateraccumulatingonthesheet,itgatherstothemiddlepart,thelowestpartWhenmoreandmorewatergathers,waterdropsbegintofalldowntothecontainerDiagramWritingConsequently,wateriscollectedthroughtheevaporationofplantsinthefieldMapMapwritingTypesofmapsChangesLocationchoosingMapwritingFeaturesofmapsLocationandDirectionDiscriptionOrder:layoutNWSEClockwiseanticlockwiseTransition:nextto,atthecorner,inthemiddle,oppositeto,besides,infrontof,bottom,top,left,right,abovehellipAcross,gobeyond,pass,turnleft,turnrightMapwritingTenseIfthemapreflectsthechangesofaplaceduringacertainperiodoftime,thenpasttenseshouldbeusedinyourwritingIfthemapreflectsthechangingtrendofapalceinthefuture,thenfuturetenseorwordslikesuppose,expectshouldbeusedMapwritingIfthemapreflectsthecontinuouschangesofapalcefrompasttopresenttime,thenpresentperfecttenseshouldbeusedForexample:  ThecarparkhasbeenremovedandreplacedbyatheatreThenumberofhomesinTownAislikelytodouble(islikelyto=ispredictedtoisestimatedtoisprojectedtoisexpectedto)or:ItislikelythatthenumberofhomesinTownAwilldouble(itislikelythat=itispredictedestimatedprojectedexpectedthathellip)MapwritingVariationsindetailEachvariationindetailshouldbementionedDon#tpassanydetailover  Passivevoices:Forexample:AnewhospitalwasestablishedinTownAin Orderofdescriptions:TheorderoftimeorspaceMapwritingPositionAislocatedwithinthescopeofBShanghaiisintheeastofChinaAislocatedintheeastcomparedwithBwiththeirbordersunconectedJapanistotheeastofChinaAislocatedintheeastcomparedwithB,withtheirbordersconnectedTianjinisontheeastofHebeiAiskmawayfromBinthedirectionofnorthwestAlieskmtothenorthwestofBAislocatedintheeastwestsouthmorthintermsofBMapwritingAisliesislocatedissituatedinontotheeastwestsouthnorthofB(in=AisinsideBon=AandBhaveacommonborderto=AisseparatedformB)AisinsideBatacertainpartAisintheeasternsouthernwesternnorthernpartofBAiskmawayfromBinthenorthwestdirectionAlieskmtothenorthwestofBAisatthecornerofBAisatinthesoutheasterncornerofB(at=AisoutsideBin=AininsideB)MapwritingAboutriversroads  Onthesouthsouthernsideoftheriver  Onbothsidesoftheroad  OntheothersideTheareaadjacenttonearnexttojustofftheroadAtthesouthernendoftheriver  Oppositeposition  AisontheoppositesideofB  AisoppositeBA在B东部的边界上(A在B外部)  AisontheeasternborderofB  A在B东部边缘上(A在B内部)  AisonalongtheeasternedgeofBMapwritingVocabularyaboutroads:forktypeofintersectionwherearoadsplitsjunctionintersectionroundaboutringroadRanchroadconnectruralareastomarkettownsinboundoutboundtrafficMapwritingshortenwidennarrowentranceexitpavement:apedestrianwalkwayalongsidetheroadpedestriancrossingzebracrossingMapwritingExpressionsaboutconmmunitieshousesresidentialareahousingestatelivingareachangetakeshapeappearemergecomeintoexistencebeplannedbefoundedbeproposedXXXisagrowingcommunitytothenorthofhellipXXXliesinislocatednorthofdowntownareaMapwritingXXXissituatedonthesouthernedgeofthecitynewlybuiltdevelopedrenovatedinstalledhellipsquaretrianglerectangleroundshapedhelliponthetopleftatthelowerrightcornerThemapsbelowgiveinformationaboutaschoolsiteinandtheplanningofthesameschoolinSummarizetheinformationbyselectingandreportingthemainfeatures,andmakecomparisonswhererelevantPThetwomapsshowtheplanchangesinthecampuslayoutofHogwardsGrammarSchoolfromtoPFigureprovidesanoverviewoftheoriginalschoolplaninAtthistime,theschoolhadstudentsanditsonlyschoolbuildingwaslocatedinitsnorthwestcornerToitseast,therewasalargesportfield,whichwasconnectedtoschoolbuildingbyawalkingpathCarsenteredtheschoolfromitswestside,andthendrovealongamainroadwhichledtoacarparkinglotsituatedinthenortheastcornerTherestofthecampuswascoveredbylawnsandtreesPFigurehighlightstheplanchangestobecompletedbyAsthenumberofstudentswillexpandtoabout,,twomoreschoolbuildingswillbeadded(builtconstructed),onetotheeastoftheoriginaloneandtheothertoitssouth,andallthreewillbeconvenientlyconnectedtoeachotherbywalkingpathsPPartofthesportfieldwillbetakenupbyanewschoolbuilding,sotheplaygroundwillshrinkonitsoriginalbasisAnewparkinglotwillalsobeconstructedtotheleftoftheoldbuildinginordertoserveanincreasingnumberofstudents,parentsandstaffThemainroadwillalsobechangedaccordinglytoconnectthetwoparkinglotsareasConclusionItisevidentfromthecomparisonthatthenewHogwardsGrammarSchoolwillbechangedinawaythatbettersuitstheneedsofitsgrowthdevelopmentnorthwestcountrysideFewercustomerLowrentTrain,buscentredowntownCBD,residential,industryshoppersrenttrafficcommuteSatellitecitiesThemapbelowisofthetownofGarlsdonAnewsupermarket(S)isplannedforthetownThemapshowstwopossiblesitesforsupermarketOutsidethetownitselfBesitedjustoffthemainroadtothetownofH,lyingkmstotheswAccommodatemorecarparking,accessibletoshoppersClosetorailwayLowrentincountrysideThefirstpotentiallocation(S)isoutsidethetownitself,andissitedjustoffthemainroadtothetownofHindon,lyingkmstothenorthwestThissiteisinthecountrysideandsowouldbeabletoaccommodatealotofcarparkingThiswouldmakeitaccessibletoshoppersfrombothHindonandGarlsdonwhocouldtravelbycarAsitisalsoclosetotherailwaylinelinkingthetwotownstoCransdon(kmtothesoutheast),apotentiallylargenumberofshopperswouldalsobeabletotravelbytraingenerallyspeaking,thepriceofrentisrelativelylowerincountryside,soitwillsavesomeexpendingtosomeextentIncontrast,thesuggestedlocation,S,isrightinthetowncentre,whichwouldbegoodforlocalresidentsTheoricallythestorecouldbeaccessedbyroadorrailfromthesurroundingtowns,includingBransdon,butasthecentralareaisanotrafficzone,carswouldbeunabletoparkandaccesswouldbedifficultMAPSThemapshowstwoproposedlocationsforanewsupermarketforthetownofGarlsdonThefirstpotentiallocation(S)isoutsidethetownitself,andissitedjustoffthemainroadtothetownofHindon,lyingkmstothenorthwestThissiteisinthecountrysideandsowouldbeabletoaccommodatealotofcarparkingThiswouldmakeitaccessibletoshoppersfrombothHindonandGarlsdonwhocouldtravelbycarAsitisalsoclosetotherailwaylinelinkingthetwotownstoCransdon(kmtothesoutheast),apotentiallylargenumberofshopperswouldalsobeabletotravelbytrainMAPSIncontrast,thesuggestedlocation,S,isrightinthetowncenter,whichwouldbegoodforlocalresidentsTheoreticallythestorecouldbeaccessedbyroadorrailfromthesurroundingtowns,includingBransdon,butasthecentralareaisanotrafficzone,carswouldbeunabletoparkandaccesswouldbedifficultOverall,neithersiteisappropriateforallthetowns,borcustomersinCransdon,HindonandGarlsdon,theoutoftownsite(S)wouldprobablyoffermoreadvantagesChorleywoodisavillagenearLondonwhosepopulationhasincreasedsteadilysincethemiddleofthenineteenthcenturyThemapbelowshowsthedevelopmentofthevillageWriteareportforauniversitylecturerdescribingthedevelopmentofthevillage*PThemapshowsthechangesanddevelopmentofChorleywoodvillageinGreatBritainoveraperiodofyearsfromtoPChronologically,duringthefirstyearsfromto,ChorleywoodwasmerelyaverysmallvillagewithonemainroadtoitswestFromto,weseethatthevillageexpandedtosouth,almosttripledtheoriginalscalePBesides,arailwaylinewasbuiltacrossthenewareafromwesttoeastandthereemergedtheChorleywoodStationDuring,ChorleywoodextendedbotheastwardandwestwardandalmostdoubledtheprevioussizePThenduring,thevillageaccelerateditspaceofdevelopmenteastwardAnorthsouthmotorwaybuiltinastheaxis,withthealmostparalleledtoeastwestmainroadandrailwayastwodividinglines,cuttingthisnewareaintofivepartsPThus,weseethefastexpansionhistoryofthissmallvillageacrossaspanofoveryearsTheendThankyouThemapbelowisofthetownofGarlsdonAnewsupermarket(S)isplannedforthetownThemapshowstwopossiblesitesforsupermarketOutsidethetownitselfBesitedjustoffthemainroadtothetownofH,lyingkmstotheswAccommodatemorecarparking,accessibletoshoppersClosetorailwayLowrentincountrysideThefirstpotentiallocation(S)isoutsidethetownitself,andissitedjustoffthemainroadtothetownofHindon,lyingkmstothenorthwestThissiteisinthecountrysideandsowouldbeabletoaccommodatealotofcarparkingThiswouldmakeitaccessibletoshoppersfrombothHindonandGarlsdonwhocouldtravelbycarAsitisalsoclosetotherailwaylinelinkingthetwotownstoCransdon(kmtothesoutheast),apotentiallylargenumberofshopperswouldalsobeabletotravelbytraingenerallyspeaking,thepriceofrentisrelativelylowerincountryside,soitwillsavesomeexpendingtosomeextentIncontrast,thesuggestedlocation,S,isrightinthetowncentre,whichwouldbegoodforlocalresidentsTheoricallythestorecouldbeaccessedbyroadorrailfromthesurroundingtowns,includingBransdon,butasthecentralareaisanotrafficzone,carswouldbeunabletoparkandaccesswouldbedifficult

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